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J. L. HUDSON, SEEDSMAN, BOX 337, LA HONDA, CALIFORNIA 94020-0337 USA
2014 SEEDLIST Vegetable Seed S - Z
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Match term(s) in J.L. Hudson Search Index:

SPECIALTY VEGETABLES

ARTICHOKE
NEW—Artichoke Green Globe. (50) VART-GR. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.00
Classic round green artichokes produced all summer. Big 4 - 5 foot tall plants with handsome, deeply-cut silvery leaves. Hardy to Zone 7. Bears a good crop the second season. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks warm.
NEW—Artichoke Purple Italian Globe. (50) VART-PR. Packet: $3.00
Oz: $9.00
Italian heirloom with purple artichokes that are taller and narrower than the green type, and stands more heat and cold. Bears the second season. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks warm.

—ARUGULA. (1000) VARU-A. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $15.00
Eruca sativa. Easily grown annual with lobed leaves. The young leaves are added to salads, soups, etc. Begin harvest in 6 weeks, and they will keep producing after cutting. The younger the leaf, the milder the flavor. Best with frequent waterings. Also called Rocket Salad.

—ARUGULA Adiago. (2000) VARU-AD. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50
Nice slow-bolting variety, good for repeat harvests. Excellent for market growers.

—CHIVES. (500) VCHV-C. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50

Allium schoenprasum. This perennial herb is the best-flavored and smallest member of the onion family, having slender, delicate leaves with a mild flavor. Excellent in salads, eggs, soups and for topping baked potatoes. The beautiful lavender flower heads make a colorful, tasty garnish when broken into individual florets and sprinkled on salads, in dips, and anywhere else you would use chives.
Chives will grow in any well-drained soil. Keep moist. An excellent pot plant for the kitchen window, or may be sown in rows 1 1/2 feet apart, thinned to 8" apart in the rows. Harvest leaves continuously until frost. Plants will die back over winter, and reappear in spring. Every cook needs chives. USDA Germination Standard: 50%.

—COLLARDS Green Glaze. (500) VCOL-GG. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $8.00
Bright green leaves with a distinctive shiny or glazed look; often called 'Greasy Collards' in the South. Tall plants to nearly 3 feet, highly resistant to cabbage worm. Excellent old variety, pre-1860. USDA Germination Standard: 80%.

—COLLARDS Morris Heading. (500) VCOL-MH. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
Low growing plants making loose heads of smooth rounded dark green leaves with lighter veins. Very slow to bolt. An old Southern favorite. USDA Germination Standard: 80%.

—DILL Bouquet. (1000) VDLL-BQ. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00
The most popular' variety, blooms early with large flower umbels and leaves for pickling. Highly aromatic and easily grown annual. USDA Germination Standard: 60%.

—ENDIVE Tres Fine. (500) VEND-TF. Packet: $2.00 ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $6.00
Miniature French type with narrow, finely-curled leaves and creamy hearts. Mild sweet flavor, excellent for baby salad greens. USDA Germination Standard: 70%.

—FENNEL Bronze. (=Rubrum) (50) FOEN-1B. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Foeniculum vulgare var. rubrum. Feathery reddish bronze foliage; a very pretty 'smoky' effect. To 4 feet. Hardy short-lived perennial. Chopped leaves nice in salads or sauces, seeds for seasoning.

—GARLIC CHIVES. (250) ALUM-105. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50
Allium tuberosum. Flat dark green leaves with a delicious garlic flavor. Strongly aromatic, popular in Asian cooking, chopped fine like chives. Heat and cold tolerant hardy perennial to 1 1/2 feet. Good in wet climates where garlic won't grow.

—GROUND CHERRY. (100) VGRC-GC. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $8.00
Cherry-sized golden-orange fruits enclosed in papery husks. Luscious, sweet fruity taste, compared to apricots, tangerines, or pineapple. Makes wonderful pies, dessert sauces, and jelly. To harvest, wait till the fruits ripen and fall from the plant, gathering them from the ground. USDA Germination Standard: 50%.

—HUAZONTLE. (Chenopodium berlandieri) (500) VHUA. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $10.00
Ancient Mexican vegetable, producing an abundance of mild, spinach-like leaves, and the flower clusters are steamed, boiled, or battered and fried. Ripe seeds ground as meal. Very easily grown and very productive and delicious. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

MANGEL WURZEL
Beta vulgaris. A type of beet usually grown for stock and poultry feed, but used as a delicious table vegetable when young and tender. Cooked, the texture is that of tender beets, but the flavor is more potato-like, with a delightful touch of sweetness. If you find ordinary beets too strong, try this kind. The roots are globe shaped or elongated, with red or yellow skin, and white or pale yellow flesh.
Mangels can be grown in almost any soil, but a well-prepared rich loam is best for a heavy yield of the long kinds. Sow as early as ground can be worked, in rows 2 feet apart. Thin to 6" apart when seedlings have developed 4 leaves.
USDA Germination Standard: 65%.
—Mangel Wurzel Mammoth Long Red. (100) VMAN-MLR. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $18.00
Produces large thick red roots with pale yellow flesh. Leaves red veined. Very high yielding variety, excellent for table use even when mature, having almost no tough fibers. Has a succulent sweetness that lasts through a month or two of storage. Fine winter food for cattle and poultry.

—MITSUBA Mashimori. (100) VMIT-M. Packet: 2.50
Cryptotaenia japonica. 'JAPANESE PARSLEY'. Thin crisp stalks with indented three-lobed leaves with a unique, pleasant nutty flavor, for soups, stir-fry, and salads. Succession sow for continuous harvest.

ORACH VARIETIES:
Atriplex hortensis. Also called 'Butter Leaves' and 'Mountain Spinach'. Hardy annual succulent herbs with large, tender triangular leaves, growing 3 - 6 feet tall. Delicious as cooked greens or in salads, a good substitute for spinach during hot weather.
Cultivated since the 1500's in Europe, but little known in the U.S. Salt and heat tolerant, fast growing with ample water. Succession sow, thin to 2 feet. Also grown for ornament, making handsome cut foliage, fresh or dried.
—Orach Aurora. (50) ATRI-11A. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $9.00, Oz: $20.00

Bright red, gold, green, pink, carmine, and deep purple foliage. Stunning in salads and for cooked greens, as well as cut floral ornament. Sure to be a good seller at farmer's markets. Organically grown.
—Orach Green Plume. (100) ATRI-11G. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $10.00, 100 grams: $30.00
Dark green plants to 5 feet high. Bred for the European florist trade, very ornamental, as well as being good in the vegetable garden.
—Orach Magenta Magic. (50) ATRI-11M. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $11.00, Oz: $22.00
Deep glowing magenta-red leaves, a wonderful new color for baby salad greens. Organically-grown.
—Orach Purple Savoyed. (50) ATRI-11PS. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $17.00, Oz: $28.00
Heavily crumpled, thick purple leaves. Very ornamental; new salad vegetable for the restaurant trade. Developed by Shoulder to Shoulder Farm. Organically grown.
—Orach Red. (100) ATRI-11R. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $11.00, 100 grams: $35.00
'RED ORACH'. Striking ornamental red-purple leaves and stems. Popular variety to 3 feet, growing all year except when freezing. The succulent leaves are a colorful addition to salads, or can be boiled like spinach or chard. Pretty in the flower garden.

—PURPLE GOOSEFOOT Tree Spinach. (1000) CHEN-20. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/2 Oz: $9.00
Chenopodium giganteum. Young leaves are a striking iridescent magenta-red with crystalline red powder. Long red panicles of flowers. The stem is striped red and is very strong for its light weight due to a spiral twist. Large tall annual to 6 - 8 feet. Birds are fond of the seeds, and the leaves have been used as a spinach in the Mediterranean, by South African Bantu, and here in the U.S. Tender young leaves are good in salads. Germinates best with KNO3 or GA-3.

—PURSLANE Golden. (=Goldberg) (500) VPUR-Y. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $14.00

Portulaca oleracea var. sativa. Large succulent leaves tinged golden. Little known in the U.S., but relished raw or cooked in China, Europe and México. Harvest the tender leaves and stems any time, add to salads or cook like spinach. Good in soups. The mature plants with seeds can be pickled in salt and vinegar. It is high in Vitamins C and E, and Omega-3 fatty acids. Has a mildly tart flavor. Pre-conquest peoples in North America and Australia roasted the seeds for food and ground them for mush and bread.

QUINOA VARIETIES: Chenopodium Quinoa
'QUINOA'. An important high-protein (12 - 19%) grain of the Andes, with good amino acid balance and 58% starch. A staple for millions of Andeans, the development of low-elevation types is helping its spread. Seed washed in water before cooking to remove saponins which protect from pests. Hardy, easily grown annual to 4 - 6 feet, with large seedheads. The leaves, stem-tips and young flowers are excellent in salads, having a mild sweet flavor, and very succulent. Also good cooked like spinach or added to soups. Germinates in 2 weeks.
—Quinoa Brilliant Rainbow. (100) CHEN-25BR. Packet: $2.00 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/2 Oz: $5.00, Oz: $8.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Reselected from Rainbow for the brightest, most brilliant colors. Nice! Germinates in a week.
NEW—Quinoa Cherry Vanilla. (400) CHEN-25CV. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
Oz: $14.00
'QUINOA'. Seedheads a blend of colors from creamy-white to rose, a beautiful variety with very mild-flavored grain. Developed by Shoulder to Shoulder Farm.
—Chenopodium Quinoa Cochabamba. (400) CHEN-25CB. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $26.00, 100 gm: $50.00
'COCHABAMBA QUINOA'. A good, high-yield strain from Bolivia, with a yellow panicle.

SORGHUM VARIETIES:
Sorghum bicolor. Corn family plant grown as an important grain in many parts of the world. The stems of some are used for making molasses or syrup, while other types are grown for making brooms or as ornamentals. Seeds cooked like rice or popped, stems chewed like sugar cane. Good fodder plant.
—Sorghum Black African. (100) VSOR-BA. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50
Plump shiny black seeds. To 6 feet, good for feed and fodder. Very ornamental variety from Africa.
—Sorghum Mennonite Syrup. (100) VSOR-MN. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50
Big thick stalks to 8 - 10 feet tall, and round, reddish seeds. Makes a fine light syrup. From a Mennonite sorghum mill owner in Missouri.
—Sorghum Red Broom Corn. (100) VSOR-RB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Mixture of several red types, in shades from pale rose to dark burgundy. Beautiful when dried. Includes Apache Red, Tennessee Red, Hungarian Red, many of the Hadley Reds, and others.
—Sorghum Tepehuan Popping. (100) VSOR-TP. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $8.00
Plump white seeds popped by native peoples in México, just like popcorn. Slender productive plants. Delicious flavor and an unusual crop.
—Sorghum White African. (100) VSOR-WF. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Shiny white seeds with black hulls. To 8 feet tall. Makes a fine dark syrup.

—SORREL, FRENCH. (1000) VSRR-F. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $6.00
Rumex acetosa. Perennial greens with a pleasant acidic flavor. Much used in spring salads in the place of vinegar, or cooked like spinach. Makes a nice green sauce used with fish. Sow early in spring, thin to 6" apart. Ready in 60 days or so, and will continue to bear for three to five years. USDA Germination Standard: 65%.

SUNFLOWER VARIETIES:
—Sunflower Mammoth Grey Stripe. (40) VSUN-GY. Packet: $1.50
1/4 lb: $6.00
Heirloom giant sunflower grown since the 1800s. Huge yellow foot-wide flowers on 10 foot tall plants that make a good screen. Fat, grey-striped seeds are abundantly produced, a great food source for wild and domestic animals, birds, and humans. To save seeds, cut mature heads and hang to dry for 3 - 4 weeks. Kids love this one.

SPINACH
Spinacia oleracea. Annual plant, best grown as a cool weather crop. Sow in early spring, late summer, or fall. Seed sprouts best at cool temperatures. Space 4 - 6" apart in rows 1 1/2 feet apart. Likes a rich, very moist soil. Spinach is very rich in Vitamin A and protein.
USDA Germination Standard: 60%.
—Spinach Giant Nobel. (100) VSPI-GN. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Very large, smooth, thick, dark green leaves on big spreading plants. Slow bolting, for late spring sowing. A fine variety, not often available.
—Spinach Malabar Red. (50) VSPI-MR. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00
Basella rubra. Large tender perennial vine from SE Asia, with lovely red stems and red-tinged leaves and flowers. Likes heat and moisture; a good hot weather spinach substitute. Excellent eaten raw in salads. Climbs to 10 feet and can be picked often.
—Spinach New Zealand Spinach. (100) VSPI-NZ. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
1/2 lb: $12.00 OUT OF STOCK
Tetragonia tetragonioides. Thick, succulent triangular leaves on sprawling plants that thrive in hot weather, poor soil, and harsh conditions. Tender, delicious, and with a milder flavor and more body than regular spinach. We often find it growing on local beaches in pure sand, a wonderful wild food. Produces a continuous, abundant supply of spinach from June till frost. Pre-soak the seed overnight. USDA Germination Standard: 40%.

SQUASH
Cucurbita species. Annuals of either trailing or bushy habit. Summer varieties have tender skin and are best eaten young. Winter types have a hard rind and are harvested when mature for storage over several months.
Sow seed in late spring to early summer, in well-worked soil with plenty of manure thoroughly mixed in. Plant in hills 4 - 6 feet apart, with 6 - 8 seeds per hill. Thin to the 3 or 4 strongest plants when well established. Give full sun and plenty of water.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.

Summer Squash Varieties:
Tender, thin-skinned squashes that are eaten when young. Very good raw in salads, steamed or fried. Good for stuffing when a little larger, but if left too long will become tough and bland.
NEW—Squash Bennings Green Tint. (25) VSQU-BG. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Pretty pale green scallop squash, heirloom since 1914. Bushy plants produce better than most other scallop types.
—Squash Cucuzzi Caravazzi. (10) VSQU-CC. Packet: $2.50
An Italian favorite, the long pale green fruits can reach 6 feet, but are best when 2" thick and a foot long. Breaded, stuffed, or boiled like zucchini, Cucuzzi has a unique flavor that some prefer to any other squash. Actually an edible gourd (Lagenaria siceraria), the vines are extremely prolific and vigorous growers. Good trellised or grown on a fence.
—Squash Zucchini Dark Green. (25) VSQU-Z. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00
Smooth straight dark green fruits, with pale tender flesh. One of the best flavored zucchinis. Bushy, vigorous plants, early and prolific. Best harvested when 6" long or less.
—Squash Gold Zucchini. (20) VSQU-GZ. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $11.00
Sleek long golden yellow zucchini, on a bushy compact plant. Crisp and mild, a nice combination with green zucchini for farmer's markets.
—Squash Mongogo de Guatemala. (=Mongogu du Guatemala) (30) VSQU-MG. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $6.00, 100 gm: $20.00
Small round squash with wide ribs, pale green with dark green stripes, turning golden and green at maturity. Young squash cooked like zucchini, and ripe ones used for pies and jam. A traditional type found from México through South America.

NEW—Squash Romanesco. (40) VSQU-RO. Packet: $1.50 OUT OF STOCK
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00 OUT OF STOCK
Also called Costata Romanesco, this is the classic Italian ribbed zucchini—deep green with distinct lighter green ridges. Very flavorful, good for grilling or picked very young with the flowers still on.
—Squash Vert et Jaune. (25) VSQU-VJ. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $22.50
Cucurbita pepo. Strikingly lovely French patty-pan type, maturing to alternating stripes of dark green and cream-yellow. Round with scalloped edges. Can be eaten at any stage.
—Squash White Bush Scallop. (25) VSQU-WB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Classic patty-pan type, with creamy-white, rounded and flattened squash with scalloped edges. Tender and tasty, best picked when 4" across or less. Delicious raw for dipping or salads, or lightly sautéed or steamed. Compact and productive.
—Squash Yellow Bush Scallop. (25) VSQU-YS. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Flattened golden-yellow scalloped patty-pat squash. Vigorous and prolific.

Winter Squash Varieties:
Called 'winter squash' because they are grown to full maturity and stored over winter. Hard rinded, with orange or yellow flesh. Very good boiled or baked, stuffed or dried. The seeds are high in protein and oil, and are delicious salted and roasted.
Fruit should be left until the vines are brown and withered, but should be harvested before frost or they will not store well. Optimum is when the stem is drying and the squash is well-matured, the rind hard and not easily broken with the thumbnail. Cut with an inch or so of stem, and cure for 10 days in the field, or indoors in a cool place if frost is likely. Undamaged, they will keep for several months if stored in a cool dry place. Dampness is bad.
—Squash Amish Pie. (10) VSQU-AP. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $10.00
Cucurbita pepo. Large pale-orange squash are oval and slightly pointed, weighing up to 80 pounds. One of the finest varieties for pies, canning or freezing, with very thick, firm flesh. Heirloom from an Amish gardener in Maryland.

NEW—Squash Australian Butter. (25) VSQU-AB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00
Orange-tan skin and very thick, creamy orange flesh. Reaches 7 - 15 pounds, keeps well, great for baking. Originally from Diggers Garden Club in Australia.
—Squash Blue Hubbard. (25) VSQU-BH. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
110 days. Large fruits of true Hubbard shape, round in the middle, tapering at both ends. Skin a handsome, dusky blue-green color, warted and slightly ribbed. Thick, deep orange, fine-grained flesh. Exceptional sweet flavor. Fruits weigh 15 - 30 pounds. Stores perfectly for months. Heavy yielder. A New England favorite, for pies, baking, etc.
—Squash Galeux d'Eysines. (20) VSQU-GX. Packet: $3.00
Oz: $9.00
Also called 'Peanut Pumpkin' because of the rough corky pebbles that appear over the smooth, rosy-tan skin. Unusual handsome 10 - 20 pound fruits, best harvested before the pebbles completely cover the pumpkins. Thick, sweet, moist orange flesh, wonderful for baking, frying, or soups. A best seller at farmer's markets.

NEW—Squash Golden Delicious. (20) VSQU-GD. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4/lb: $9.00
Brilliant orange-red skin and fine-grained sweet orange flesh. Reaches 7 - 14 pounds. Introduced by Gills Bros. seed company in 1926, great for canning and baking. Said to have been promoted for baby food. Stores well. Sprawling vines need room.
NEW—Squash Guatemalan Blue. (20) VSQU-GB. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00
Handsome banana type squash, oval slate-blue with lighter stripes, and thick golden flesh. Flavorful and one of the best table varieties, to 5 pounds. Stores well.
—Squash Queensland Blue. (25) VSQU-QB. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $14.00
Cucurbita maxima. Large, deeply ribbed and flattened blue-grey squash to 10 - 20 pounds. Very flavorful thick orange flesh. Stores well.
—Squash Sibley. (25) VSQU-SB. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $10.00
Cucurbita maxima. Slate-blue teardrop-shaped squash to 8 - 10 pounds. Sweet orange flesh becomes drier and more flavorful during winter storage. Very hard skin, making it an excellent keeper. Also called 'Pike's Peak', it may be an old Indian variety, but was introduced by Sibley and Co. in New York in 1887. "I just have to tell you how pleased I am with the "Sibley" squash I grew from your seed last season. The three last-harvested squash lasted eight (yes 8!) months with no special storage treatment except to close the heater vent on a bedroom door. It is mid-May and we are eating delicious squash soup. What a treat! Thanks!"—Bev W., Canada, 2011.
—Squash Thelma Saunders. (20) VSQU-TS. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $9.00, 1/4 lb: $12.00
C. pepo. Beautiful creamy-white acorn type, small and with terrific flavor. Very productive heirloom, brought back by the Seed Saver's Exchange.
—Squash Triamble. (10) VSQU-T. Packet: $3.00
Oz: $14.00
Cucurbita maxima. Remarkable three-cornered squash with slate-grey skin and very sweet dark orange flesh. Keeps for months, and can reach 15 pounds. Distinctive French heirloom from the Locine Valley.
—Squash Vegetable Spaghetti. (25) VSQU-SP. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Oval, yellow-skinned 5 - 7 pound squash. Originally from Japan, but prized in the U.S. as a low-carb substitute for spaghetti. Bake mature squash till tender, then use a fork to shred the flesh into 'spaghetti', and serve with your favorite sauce.

NEW—Squash Yugoslavian Finger. (25) VSQU-Y. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Unusual creamy-white acorn squash with distinct flaring ribs like wings or fingers. Creamy yellow flesh with a potato-like flavor, best eaten young. Mature squash decorative. When first introduced in the 1880s it was called 'Pineapple'.

SUNFLOWER: See Specialty Vegetables

SWISS CHARD

Beta vulgaris var. cicla. The leaves and stems of Swiss Chard are eaten like spinach, though the flavor is milder and the whole plant more robust. Will continue to produce until frost if the outer leaves are kept harvested and flower stalks are plucked. In mild climates, chard will give for 2 or 3 years or more, though the quality diminishes.
Sow seed as early as ground can be worked, in any good garden soil. Plant 1/2" deep in rows 18" apart, and thin to 8" apart when plants are well up. Harvest by cutting outer leaves at base of stem. Chard makes good poultry fodder.
USDA Germination Standard: 65%.

—Swiss Chard Canary. (300) VSWI-CY. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Crumpled deep green leaves with bright yellow stems. Pretty in baby salad or braising mixes.
—Swiss Chard Four Star. (100) VSWI-FS. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Mix of colorful stems in bright pink, orange, red, and yellow. Deep green crumpled leaves. Vivid color—excellent in baby salad greens.
—Swiss Chard Lucullus. (100) VSWI-LU. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
60 days. Large, light green, crumpled leaves with broad, thick, white midribs. Fine mild flavor. Very heat tolerant and productive.
—Swiss Chard Oriole. (250) VSWI-OR. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Medium-green savoyed leaves with deep orange stems and a mild flavor. Good in baby salad mixes.
NEW—Swiss Chard Pink Lipstick. (b,h) VSWI-PL. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Brilliant rose-pink stems and crumpled deep green leaves. Tender colorful young leaves good in baby salad mixes.
—Swiss Chard Rhubarb Chard. (100) VSWI-R. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
A lovely type with deep red stems and veins, contrasting with dark green crumpled leaves. May winter over in mild climates. Very pretty, can be harvested from summer to frost.

"I took my spade and went and broke the ground upon George-hill in Surrey, thereby declaring freedome to the Creation, and that the earth must be set free from the intanglements of Lords and Landlords, and that it shall become a common Treasury to all."
—Winstanley, founder of the Diggers, 1649.

TOMATO
Lycopersicon esculentum. Tender perennial plants from South America, tomatoes have become one of the most popular garden vegetables. Tomatoes are eaten raw or cooked, in soups, stews, sauces and catsup. They are delicious stuffed, and can be fried or pickled when green. Dried tomatoes are an excellent and flavorful way of preserving a bumper crop; in jars of olive oil, they command high prices at the delicatessen. Delightful with a sprig of fresh basil.
Seed is best started early indoors, about 6 weeks before the last frost. Sow in a rich, light soil, and transplant to another flat when 3" tall, spacing 4" apart. When all danger of frost has passed and ground has warmed, set plants out into a well-manured, deeply dug soil, spacing 3 - 5 feet apart.
Determinant varieties stop growing and bearing fruit when they reach a certain size. They are more compact, good where space is a consideration, and they will ripen fruit all at one time, which can be an advantage if you are canning or preserving.
Indeterminate varieties continue to grow and bear fruit until frost kills the plant. They grow into large plants that set fruit over the entire season for an ongoing harvest. Cage, trellis or stake them.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.
—Tomato Amish Paste. (50) VTOM-AP. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $8.00, 25 grams: $25.00
Oval red tomatoes weighing up to 8 ounces, with thick, meaty flesh. Outstanding sweet flavor, one of the best sauce tomatoes. An Amish heirloom from Wisconsin, producing abundantly even under harsh, adverse conditions.
—Tomato Aunt Ruby's German Green. (50) VTOM-AR. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00
Large beefsteak-type tomatoes are a lovely pale green, sweet and juicy, with great flavor. Heirloom from Ruby Arnold of Greenville, Tennessee. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Azoychka. (100) VTOM-AZ. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00
Russian variety with 3" orange-yellow tomatoes. Distinctive tangy flavor, very fine for a yellow type. Firm texture, great for sandwiches or salads.
—Tomato Banana Legs. (25) VTOM-BA. Packet: $2.50
Sort of like tiny, lumpy bananas, these 4" oval tomatoes are deep yellow, solid and meaty, with good flavor. Eye-catching! Determinate.
—Tomato Black Cherry. (25) VTOM-BC. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $15.00
Small dusky red-black round tomatoes, abundantly produced until frost. Full flavor. A great salad tomato. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Black From Tula. (25) VTOM-BT. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $13.00
Russian heirloom with rosy-purple irregularly-shaped fruits, said by some to be the "ugliest and most delicious" tomato ever grown (vying with the Purple Calabash for this). Rich flavor, sweet and tart. Small plants produce large tomatoes. Brought into circulation by the Seed Saver's Exchange.
—Tomato Black Krim. (50) VTOM-BK. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $10.00
Russian variety with round 8 - 12 ounce, purple-red tomatoes with green-black shoulders, turning nearly full black in hot sun. Delicate skin and rich flavor make this one top-rated in taste tests. Originally from Krim Island in the Black Sea. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Black Truffle. (200) VTOM-BTF. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $10.00
Pear-shaped burgundy-black 6 - 8 oz. fruit. High in sugar and acid for an intense, complex, full-bodied flavor. Good for slicing and eating sprinkled with chopped basil and olive oil. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Brandywine. (50) VTOM-BY. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $10.00
This is the original variety with large pink beefsteak tomatoes, famous for its rich, intense, full-bodied flavor. Amish heirloom from 1885, later obtained and maintained by Ben Quisenberry and the Seed Saver's Exchange. Potato-leaf type, indeterminate.
—Tomato Brown Berry. (50) VTOM-BB. Packet: $2.50
Appealing earthy-brown cherry tomatoes, juicy and sweet, with excellent flavor. Highly productive, indeterminate vines.
—Tomato Cherokee Purple. (50) VTOM-CP. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $14.00
Unusual dusky rose-purple fruits with superb flavor, sweet and juicy, reaching 12 ounces. One of the top favorite heirlooms, very productive on rather short, indeterminate vines. Thanks to Kent Whealey and the SSE for this one—their original source said it was from the Cherokee people, over 100 years old.
NEW—Tomato Chocolate Stripes. (100) VTOM-CHS. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $14.00
Handsome medium to large tomatoes, deep red-brown with dark green stripes. Rich, complex flavor. Excellent for sandwiches and salads. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Cosmonaut Volkov. (150) VTOM-CV. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00
Ribbed, slightly flattened red fruit to up 1 - 2 pounds. Rich complex flavor, sweet and tart. Ukrainian variety named in honor of the unfortunate cosmonaut Vladislav Volkov, who died during the Soyuz II flight.
—Tomato Dad's Sunset. (25) VTOM-DS. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $20.00
Medium-sized round smooth tomatoes, a glowing sunset orange. Wonderful flavor, said to be one of the best tasting orange tomatoes.
—Tomato Druzba. (50) VTOM-DZ. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $14.00
Bulgarian heirloom with large, red, slightly flattened tomatoes with a fantastic sweet-tart flavor. Heavy producer over a long season. The name means "friendship".
NEW—Tomato Fireworks. (100) VTOM-FR. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $14.00
Developed as an early large-size tomato, with smooth, bright red 6 - 8 ounce fruits. Heavy yields. Good for coastal and short-season areas. Short, compact, determinate plants.
—Tomato Giant Belgian Pink. (25) VTOM-GB. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $13.00
Huge dark pink tomatoes, usually over 1 pound, sometimes up to 5 pounds. Excellent sweet flavor, solid and meaty. It's said that the flavor is so good that people used to make wine from them.
—Tomato Grandma Aiello's. (40) VTOM-GA. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Grandma Aiello's Tomato.jpg (36085 bytes)
Medium-sized pink-red heart-shaped fruit with tender skin, juicy and delicious. This rare variety was brought from Calabria Italy by Maria Mazzie Aiello in 1929, and has been grown and saved by her family for three generations. Sent to us by Maria's granddaughter Nicala Aiello. Large indeterminate plants, give support.
—Tomato Hillbilly. (50) VTOM-H. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $13.00
Large orange-yellow beefsteak type, beautifully marbled and streaked inside with red. One of the best-tasting bicolored tomatoes, fruity and mild. Heirloom grown for many years in Ohio, said to have originated in West Virginia.
NEW—Tomato House Tomato. (50) VTOM-HS. Packet: $3.00
Click for photo » Tomato House 3.jpg (110917 bytes)
The most unusual tomato we have grown, with small red cherry tomatoes produced on very compact plants. Early and perfect for containers and short-season areas. Very tasty flavor. It came to us from Curtis Androsoff, who says: "The House Tomato are heritage seed. I have two plants that are 12 years old, producing good fruit. I cut them down for new growth each year. If you leave them, some plants grow too high in the house over winter. New growth produces more fruit. First seeds came to Canada in 1893 with my grandmother from Tbilisi Russia on an old sail ship. My people settled in Saskatchewan." The plants are high-yielding and are grown outdoors in summer, and brought in by a sunny window in winter. Here they formed dwarf compact plants less than a foot tall grown outdoors, with thick, succulent, blue-green leaves.
—Tomato Jaune Flammee. (100) VTOM-JF. Packet: $2.50
French heirloom, with clusters of small orange-yellow tomatoes with a reddish interior. Full-flavored. Beautiful in salads, it also dries well and holds its color. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Moonstone Blanco. (50) VTOM-MS. Packet $2.50
Click for photo » Tomato Moonstone Blanco 2.jpg (28250 bytes)
Pale ivory tomatoes blushed with a light golden glow, like a tiny full moon. These 3 - 4" tomatoes have a perfect sweet-tart flavor, plus a firm, solid texture—one of our very favorites!
—Tomato Oaxacan Jewel. (50) VTOM-OX. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $8.00, 25 grams: $25.00
Large late season tomato from southern México, deep orange-yellow with red marbling. Sweet and fruity flavor. Can reach 1 pound.
NEW—Tomato Pineapple. (30) VTOM-PN. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $13.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Large beefsteak type, yellow-gold with red stripes. Sweet, fruity flavor. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Punta Banda. (50) VTOM-PB. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $20.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
A good-sized cherry tomato, producing hundreds of meaty red fruits even in the hottest, driest conditions. Originally collected on the Punta Banda Peninsula in Baja California. Semi-determinate.
—Tomato Purple Calabash. (25) VTOM-PC. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Tomato Purple Calabash.jpg (38277 bytes)
Our favorite heirloom tomato, with unusual rosy-purple ruffled fruits, blushed bronze or chocolate-brown when ripe. Intense flavor. Very prolific, drought-tolerant plants; the only tomato in our trials that produced abundantly under the severely hot and dry conditions we had in 1988. A very old type; the fruits resemble tomatoes pictured in 16th century herbals. Very productive. Indeterminate.
"Well, I must say that this is certainly the ugliest tomato I have ever seen in my life... On the other hand, there's the taste... the TASTE! Now I know where all of the flavor bred out of the commercial F-1 hybrids has fled to! These ugly little tomatoes are the tastiest I have ever encountered... they're wonderful raw (one friend says that they taste as if grown in wine). Fabulous simmered briefly with chopped vegetables and served on pasta, and would probably make the best tomato sauce and stewed tomatoes in the world."—D.P., California.
"These are FABULOUS—won 1st place in neighborhood in a blindfolded taste test against 4 other varieties! Strong and productive in our Texas heat."—N.D.M., Boerne, Texas, 2/97.
—Tomato Purple Russian. (50) VTOM-PR. Packet: $2.50
Beautiful dark purple plum-shaped tomatoes, 3 - 4" long, weighing about 6 ounces. Terrific flavor, juicy, meaty, and sweet. Originally came from the Ukraine. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Red Peach. (90) VTOM-RP. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $20.00
Small tender red tomatoes with fuzzy, velvety skin, juicy and delicious. A rare red form of the 'garden peach' tomato. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Red Strawberry. (50) VTOM-RS. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $8.00, 25 grams: $25.00
Huge red heart-shaped tomatoes weighing up to 10 oz. Deep red, meaty and solid, excellent flavor.
—Tomato San Francisco Fog. (40) VTOM-SFF. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Tomato San Francisco Fog 6.jpg (71225 bytes)
Famous and now hard to find variety bred to tolerate cool nights and coastal climates. Medium-sized round red fruits with mild flavor, some are ribbed. Very productive vines. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Stick. (50) VTOM-ST. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $20.00
Click for photo » Tomato Stick Gatard.JPG (12197 bytes)
This has to be one of the strangest tomatoes ever grown. The leaves form into tight rosettes curled around the stem, making a branchless "stick" that bears a few round red tomatoes. Very rare, a real attention-getter in the garden! Apparently developed by Gleckner's Seeds in 1958, a mutant sport from the Stokesdale variety. Weird!
—Tomato Striped Cavern. (100) VTOM-SC. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00
Blocky lobed red tomatoes with yellow stripes. Seeds at the top, like a bell pepper, making them great for stuffing.
—Tomato Sub-Arctic Plenty. (150) VTOM-SBA. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $7.00
Very early large red cherry tomatoes, in 6 - 8 weeks from transplanting. Developed by Beaver Lodge Research Station, Alberta Canada. Super cold-set ability, produces abundantly anywhere. Good tart flavor, great in containers. Determinate, so fruit ripens all at once, but can give two harvests, one in summer and again in fall. If you have cool nights or a short season, try this one.
—Tomato Tappy's Heritage. (100) VTOM-TAP. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00
Round red tomatoes up to 6 oz. Outstanding full-bodied sweetness, thick and meaty. Excellent disease and insect resistance. Wonderful all-around use tomato, quite rare. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Tigerella. (100) VTOM-TG. Packet: $2.50
Red with golden stripes. A large cherry type, with striking color and superb flavor. An early and prolific bearer. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Valencia. (25) VTOM-VN. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Tomato Valencia Gatard.JPG (13085 bytes)
Bright orange, round, smooth, medium-sized tomatoes with a rich, sweet flavor. An heirloom from Maine, this one does well in northern areas.
—Tomato Voyage. (100) VTOM-VY. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $19.00
Click for photo » Tomato Voyage.jpg (32436 bytes)
One of the strangest tomatoes you can find-some fruits are flat and ruffled, to 3" across, but others form large clusters of 10 or more cherry-size tomatoes joined together into a Siamese-twin-like bunch.
NEW—Tomato Wapsipinicon Peach. (75) VTOM-WP. Packet: $2.50
Unusual round yellow 2" fruits are actually fuzzy like a peach. Sweet delicious flavor—a winner in heirloom tomato taste tests. Named after the Wapsipinicon River in Iowa. Indeterminate.
—Tomato Watermelon Beefsteak. (25) VTOM-WB. Packet: $2.50
Large meaty red tomatoes with fruits reaching 1 pound. Terrific for slicing and fresh eating.
—Tomato Wolford Wonder. (100) VTOM-WW. Packet: $2.50
Big heart-shaped pink tomatoes, sweet and juicy, with terrific flavor. Low acid, few seeds. Indeterminate.
NEW—Tomato Zapotec Pleated. (100) VTOM-ZP. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $14.00
Also called Zapotec Ribbed, Zapotec Pink, or Enrollado, this is an old variety from the Zapotec Indians of Oaxaca, México. Large pink tomatoes are heavily ribbed, with few seeds, good for stuffing. Pleasant mild flavor. A high-altitude drought-tolerant type.

TOMATILLO
NEW—Tomatillo Rio Grande Verde. (250) VTOM-RGV. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $10.00
Big 3 - 4 ounce apple-green fruits, turning yellow when fully ripe. Mild tart flavor, combined with fresh chiles to make salsa verde. Bushy determinate plants. Also called Mexican Husk Tomato.

"I strongly oppose the expropriation of genetic resources by individuals, corporations or governments for their private control and profit."—
J.L. Hudson.

TURNIP
Brassica rapa. A sweet-flavored root vegetable, turnips can be pulled young and eaten raw like radishes. Mature roots are excellent sliced raw and salted, cooked in stews, or mashed along with potatoes, or on their own. Roots store well in a cool, dry place. The tops are cooked for tasty, vitamin-rich greens.
Best as a cool weather crop. Sow seed in early spring or fall in a rich soil. Plant 1" deep in rows 18" apart, and thin to 4 - 5" apart in the row.
USDA Germination Standard: 80%.
—Turnip Scarlet Ohno Revival. (100) VTUP-SC. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $8.00

Reselection of a Japanese heirloom, with round, flattened, bright red roots. Leaves smooth, glossy, with some scarlet or rarely bright purple stems and veins. Grown in Japan as pickling turnips, as the red skin colors the pickles a lovely pink. Plant in late summer for fall/winter harvest—not for spring sowing. From Wild Garden, organically grown.
—Turnip Seven Top. (1000) VTUP-ST. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
The best variety for greens. Harvest whole plant when young and tender. Boil with salt to taste. I sowed some in April, and they gave greens constantly throughout a very hot dry summer. After hot spells they got a rich, strong flavor (the way I like them), but after the cool fall rains came, they turned sweet and mild again. Cut with scissors, they give again. A real workhorse food producer. My favorite.
—Turnip White Egg. (1000) VTUP-WE. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Fast growing, with small, oval, pure white roots. Firm, fine-grained, tender, sweet and mild. Top of root grows above ground, with a green tint. A favorite in the South. About 50 days.
—Turnip Yellow Globe. (=Turnip Amber Globe) (1000) VTUP-YG. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Smooth yellow round turnips. Sweet and fine-grained, with excellent flavor. About 75 days.

FRIED TURNIPS—Virgil Russell.
"My own recipe. Peel and slice (1/4") three or four medium turnips. Lightly salt and set aside (the salt brings out the juice). Chop and sauté one clove garlic in bacon drippings, cooking oil or whatever. When soft, remove garlic from pan. Bread turnip slices with Jiffy Corn Muffin Mix. Fry, one layer at a time, until golden brown on each side. (You will wish that you had fried more!)"

WATERMELONS
Citrullus vulgaris. Annual tropical vine from Africa bearing melons with sweet, crisp, juicy flesh. The seeds are high in oil and are very nutritious, and can be eaten whole after roasting and salting.
Sow when ground has warmed in hills about 8 feet apart, planting 6 - 10 seeds per hill. When plants are well up, thin to the strongest 3 plants in each hill. Watermelons like a light, sandy, well-manured soil, plenty of moisture, and full sun.
USDA Germination Standard: 70%.
—Watermelon Cream of Saskatchewan. (25) VWAT-CS. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $8.00
Small round melons to 4 - 10 pounds, with light green skin with dark green stripes. Flesh is creamy white, with a wonderful flavor. Does well in cool climates, brought to Canada by Russian immigrants. Has a thin rind, so can't be shipped—great for home gardens and farmer's markets.
—Watermelon Desert King. (20) VWAT-DK. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50
Round pale green melons with rich dark yellow flesh, sweet and tender. Lasts a month on the vine after ripening, with no loss in quality. Drought and sunburn resistant.
—Watermelon Sugar Baby. (50) VWAT-SB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Small round 7 - 8 pound melons with green-black rind and crisp, sweet, crimson flesh. A home garden favorite for decades. Good in short-season areas where larger melons won't mature.
—Watermelon Tendersweet Orange. (30) VWAT-TS. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Intense deep orange flesh, sweet and crisp. Big oblong melons to 20 - 30 pounds, light green with dark stripes. White seeds. Incredible color and flavor.

"If you're going to get old, you might as well get as old as you can get."
—Wallace Stegner.


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